California Education Code

So what does the California Education Code state about grading practices?

49066.  (a) When grades are given for any course of instruction
taught in a school district, the grade given to each pupil shall be
the grade determined by the teacher of the course and the
determination of the pupil's grade by the teacher, in the absence of
clerical or mechanical mistake, fraud, bad faith, or incompetency,
shall be final.
   (b) The governing board of the school district and the
superintendent of such district shall not order a pupil's grade to be
changed unless the teacher who determined such grade is, to the
extent practicable, given an opportunity to state orally, in writing,
or both, the reasons for which such grade was given and is, to the
extent practicable, included in all discussions relating to the
changing of such grade.
   (c) No grade of a pupil participating in a physical education
class, however, may be adversely affected due to the fact that the
pupil does not wear standardized physical education apparel where the
failure to wear such apparel arises from circumstances beyond the
control of the pupil.
49067.  (a) The governing board of each school district shall
prescribe regulations requiring the evaluation of each pupil's
achievement for each marking period and requiring a conference with,
or a written report to, the parent of each pupil whenever it becomes
evident to the teacher that the pupil is in danger of failing a
course. The refusal of the parent to attend the conference, or to
respond to the written report, shall not preclude failing the pupil
at the end of the grading period.
   (b) The governing board of any school district may adopt
regulations authorizing a teacher to assign a failing grade to any
pupil whose absences from the teacher's class that are not excused
pursuant to Section 48205 equal or exceed a maximum number which
shall be specified by the board. Regulations adopted pursuant to this
subdivision shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
   (1) A reasonable opportunity for the pupil or the pupil's parent
or guardian to explain the absences.
   (2) A method for identification in the pupil's record of the
failing grades assigned to the pupil on the basis of excessive
unexcused absences.
   (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision (a) of Section
49061, the provisions of this section shall apply to the parent or
guardian of any pupil without regard to the age of the pupil.



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